AboutThis website on Civil War hospitals in Fredericksburg, Virginia was part of a semester long project in Dr. Jeffrey McClurken's 2010 Digital History class at the University of Mary Washington. It is best viewed in Firefox, Google Chrome, or Safari.
In May, 1864, following the Battle of the Wilderness and the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, there was a mass evacuation of sick and wounded Union soldiers through the small city of Fredericksburg, Virginia. The entire city was converted into a hospital, and both public and private buildings housed soldiers. We want our site to inform students, teachers and people with an interest in the Civil War and local Fredericksburg history about a moment in time that is not widely known. Through interpretation of primary and secondary sources we want to educate the public and provide them with online access to these sources.
How to Navigate the Site
Items include transcribed primary source documents, such as letters and reports, as well as photographs and illustrations. The items can be reached by the above tabs, and they are organized by tags.
Several items can also be accessed through Collections, located in the tabs above. Collections gather accounts from women's relief workers, Christian Commission delegates, Sanitary Commission delegates, Fredericksburg civilians, and doctors. There are also collections with photos of women relief workers, the Battle of the Wilderness and the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, Belle Plain. Another group of photos is the Fredericksburg Now and Then collection with images of the city as it was during the evacuation in May 1864 and current images of buildings that were used as hospitals at that time.
Exhibits can be reached in tabs above. The first exhibit contains descriptions of the first battles of the Overland Campaign and of the evacuation through Belle Plain and Fredericksburg, which includes a map of the path taken by wounded into and out of the area. The next exhibit highlights period medicine, the conditions in Fredericksburg during the evacuation, including a map of the city, and several doctors who were present in the city in May 1864. Another exhibit discusses early civilian supported relief efforts in Gettysburg, which inspired the larger relief work in Fredericksburg, as well as histories of the Sanitary Commission and Christian Commission and the efforts of their delegates in the city. Another exhibit focuses on women's contributions, including information on the Moral Reform Movement, the northern home front, and nursing in general, as well as specific women and their relief efforts in Fredericksburg. The final exhibit investigates responses, both positive and negative, of the Fredericksburg civilians to the Union wounded and relief workers in their city.
A map of the evacuation and a map of Fredericksburg during the Civil War can be reached above or through their relevant sections. A general timeline of the Civil War, as well dates relevant to the evacuation, can also be reached above.
Lauren Milner is a history major with a certificate in museum studies at the University of Mary Washington. She will be graduating in May 2010, after which she will be attending the University of New Orleans for Public History
Megan McMillan, a Richmond native, is a history major at the University of Mary Washington. She will graduate in the spring semester of 2011.
Katelyn Lease is a history major and secondary education student at the University of Mary Washington. She will be graduating in the Spring of 2011.
Taylor Brann is a Fredericksburg native and a student at the University of Mary Washington. She is a history major and will be graduating in Fall 2010.
This website was a semester long project, and we received a lot of help and guidance throughout our work. We would like to thank:
The UMW DTLT team, especially Patrick Gosetti Murray-John
Dr. John Hennessy, from the National Park Service
Dr. Hanna's Map Making class for making our maps
Our entire Digital History class for their input and advice
Fredericksburg: City of Hospitals Podcast
National Park Service: Battle of the Wilderness
National Park Service: Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Civil War-era Landscape of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania: Mysteries and Conundrums
Fredericksburg.com: America's Civil War
Civil War Traveler