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George Rowe House on Hanover Street

George Rowe House on Hanover Street

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  • George Rowe House on Hanover Street

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George Rowe House on Hanover Street


Date of Construction: 1828, by George Rowe (1793-1866)

(Courtesy of Jeanette Rowe Cadwallender)

1860 Census Data: This was the home of the Rowe family. George Rowe, age 67, was the head of the household; hus occupation listed as "clergyman," his real estate valued at $30,000, and his personal estate valued at $45,000. The other members of the household were: Lucy Rowe (62), Edgar Rowe, a "Student of Law" (21), Ella Rowe (12). All were born in Virginia.

Pre-War description: Was two stories tall and built of brick. At least five dependencies were located nearby. The dwelling was located on the north side of the Swift Run Gap (Orange) Turnpike and 275 yards east of the Sunken Road/Stone Wall in the town of Fredericksburg.

General Wartime Significance: Was a prominent landmark on the path of the Union attacks on Marye's Heights during the December 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg. In addition, it was the site of a Union field hospital during that same battle.

Union wounded were again treated on the Rowe property in May 1864, as recounted by a Northern surgeon: We were assigned to the Ninth Corps Hospitals, reporting to Dr. Noyes, on Marie's Heights... Every house or place of shelter within a radius of half a mile of the central building [Brompton] was taken and used...Among these houses was the Rowe mansion, occupied by the owner, an old man, whose sympathies were clearly with the rebel cause. He cellar at night was a rendezvous for the guerrillas, who helf their secret meetings there, planningfor the recapture of the town...This house was our headquarters, and we felt that we were living over a powder mine, which at any moment might explode. We found here a delicate woman and her little child: it was announced to her that her house must be used as a hospital, two rooms being retained by her. She was asked to prepare some dinner for our party, and was promised that we should cause her as little trouble as possible. The poor woman burst into tears, saying, "Indeed, indeed, sir, I have nothing in the house but a little corn meal for myself and this little one;" and her story of extreme poverty was only too true. From affluence and a luxurious home, she had been reduced to this... --Reed.

Present Condition: The George Rowe House is still standing. Judging from tax records, the Stratton family moved from their heavily damaged dwelling and lived in the Rowe house in 1865-67. Currently a private property.

From: Harrison, Noel G. Fredericksburg Civil War Sites: Fred. Civil War Sites: Volume Two, December 1862-April 1865. Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1995.


Lauren Milner



Still Image Item Type Metadata



"George Rowe House on Hanover Street," in Fredericksburg: City of Hospitals, Item #146, https://projects.umwhistory.org/cwh/items/show/146 (accessed October 23, 2021).

Added by lauren